In the fertile and green Wadi al-Hayat, south of the Ubari sand dunes and Lakes lies the town of Germa. The ancient town of Germa now lies abandoned and in ruins near the modern Germa. It was founded about 1 AD at a time that the Garamantian people were a very dynamic and flourishing community.
They even successfully led expeditions against the Romans in the north and brought life to the deserts with irrigation channels and introduced wheeled transport and horses. The Garamantian peopleácontrolled much of the south western areas of Libya from about 900BC to 500AD when gradually they lost their dominance probably as a result of the water table dropping in the area. The new town is prospering and growing amongst the well-irrigated green palms fruit trees and fields of alfalfa and wheat.